Author's note: this article was presented as a paper at the 2005 annual meeting of the american society of criminology the author and wrongful conviction a research agenda marvin zalman wayne state university, detroit, mi this article describes the nature and importance of wrongful conviction as a criminal. Actual innocence and wrongful convictions academy for justice, a report on scholarship and criminal justice reform (erik luna ed, 2017 forthcoming) virginia public law and legal theory research paper no 2017-20 16 pages posted: 28 apr 2017 last revised: 5 may 2017. Police misconduct as a cause of wrongful convictions washington university law review, vol 90, 2013 georgia state university college of law, legal studies research paper no 2013-26 58 pages posted: 5 nov 2013 last revised: 18 dec 2013. Methodology of legal scholarship on wrongful convictions we argue that social scientific methods allow for more precise and accurate depictions of the multifactorial and complex nature of causation in wrongful conviction cases in the main body of this article, we discuss and illustrate several social science approaches to. This article asks: (1) should criminal justice and criminological research related to wrongful conviction be more extensive (2) what is innocence scholarship. Correcting the problem of wrongful conviction will require both changing the incentives that police and prosecutors face and resurrecting the belief that the function of justice is to find the truth procedural and evidentiary reforms would reduce the rate of wrongful conviction, but such reforms alone cannot remedy the inroads. Following are common causes¹ of wrongful convictions these are not the only causes, however: eyewitness misidentification eyewitness misidentification is the single greatest cause of wrongful convictions nationwide research shows that the human mind is not like a tape recorder we neither record events exactly as we.
His lead article took criminologists to task for not engaging in wrongful conviction research at a time that psychological and legal studies focusing on actual innocence were burgeoning, while explaining the daunting obstacles in gathering wrongful conviction data for social scientific analysis leo's article. Research on the reasons behind wrongful convictions in the united states as well as recommendations for decreasing the number of wrongful convictions that occu. Conviction cases the challenge will be to identify the factor(s) related to wrongful conviction papers must be submitted in hard copy as e-mail copies will not be accepted papers must be dropped through misrepresenting research data, unauthorized co-operation or collaboration or completing work for another student.
Wrongful conviction, and later from the consequences of exoneration these events may leave paper presented at the innocence network conference, portland or, april 11-12 2014 1 richard j richardson they deserve, as attention to this aspect of wrongful conviction has the potential to broaden the coalition of. Could policy interventions prevent future erroneous convictions nij-funded researchers at american university studied 460 violent felonies to find the answers.
Recommended citation gilliam, mia, the role of official misconduct in wrongful convictions (2016) theses and dissertations paper 501 defining wrongful conviction in past research 11 prevalence of academic research and community awareness surrounding wrongful convictions radically. Research, criminal procedure reform legislation, changed post-conviction standards, new police practices areas of research into the nature of these wrongful convictions have influenced the understanding of how law in the area of false-confession research, an important white paper from the american psychology and.
This paper considers the scope of claims made in australia through some key case studies however, there is currently no reliable national data on the prevalence of wrongful convictions in australia overseas research suggests wrongful convictions may be less rare than we assume judy putt general manager, research. This paper addresses the historical, current, and projected scope of wrongful convictions in the judicial process of the united states herein, numerous research studies are reviewed in order to identify the trend of this problem, determine. We will also examine the significance of wrongful convictions as a reform issue in criminal justice, in relation to systemic discrimination and racism and in relation to the death penalty evaluation a research paper of a minimum of 6000 words (80 %) and class participation 20% (5% attendance, 5% contributions to class. Individuals in the system eventually and directly contribute to wrongful convictions in recent years, research has led to several rec- ommendations that can serve as checks on the system to prevent unnecessary miscues before an individual is falsely accused and to correct wrongs in the event they do occur this paper.
We argue that although legal scholars have done the bulk of research on exonerat have not addressed the relationship of race to exoneration this paper examines t that race produces for wrongful conviction and ultimately for exoneration add we note the importance of the racial composition of the crime. Past research has found fallibility of hard evidence (eg, eyewitness misidentification), police and lawyer behaviors (eg, tunnel vision), and social group for the purposes of this paper, individuals are considered wrongfully convicted if they are innocent of a crime for which they have been arrested, convicted, and. The paper identifies that family violence forms the primary context for both the conviction of women for violent crimes, and for women's wrongful convictions leo, richard a (2010) 'one hundred years later: wrongful convictions after a century of research', journal of criminal law and criminology 100(3): 825–868.
Innocence project term papers examine the national organization that fights the wrongful conviction of individuals. Jon b gould, richard a leo, one hundred years later: wrongful convictions after a century of research, 100 j crim l & criminology research on wrongful convictions has uncovered a great deal about how these sources 34 dan simon, are wrongful convictions episodic or epidemic, paper presented at the. Free wrongful conviction papers, essays, and research papers. Eyewitness research paper 2537 words | 11 pages situations” much emphasis is placed on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony as often-inaccurate eyewitness testimony can have serious consequences leading to wrong convictions eyewitness testimony is a powerful tool within any field, particularly that of justice, as it.
This sample research paper on wrongful convictions features: 7100+ words (25 pages), an outline, apa format in-text citations, and a bibliography with 24 sources. Accepted for inclusion in coase-sandor working paper series in law and economics by an authorized administrator of chicago unbound for more information, please contact [email protected] recommended citation susan a bandes, after innocence: framing wrongful convictions ( john m olin program. The rate of erroneous conviction of innocent criminal defendants is often described as not merely unknown but unknowable we use survival analysis to model this effect, and estimate that if all death-sentenced defendants remained under sentence of death indefinitely at least 41% would be exonerated. An empirical analysis of eyewitness identification reform strategies findley, keith a, implementing the lessons from wrongful convictions: an empirical analysis of eyewitness identification reform strategies (january 11, 2016) 81 missouri law review 377, 2016 univ of wisconsin legal studies research paper no.